downloading free software
Be cautious while downloading free software from the internet. Free software might be spyware or other type of malicious programs like key loggers that record your keystrokes and track your credentials of online account.
Often we ignore scanning of the downloads we do and allow the malicious programs to get installed in our system. To keep our system safe we should scan all the downloaded files with an anti-virus. Scan any downloaded free software by a reputed antivirus before installing it.
Creators of malicious programs are continuously trying to get ahead of the available anti-virus code. Reputed anti-virus programs keep track of these activities and keep updating their product as per new viruses so users too should keep their copy of the anti-virus updated. Update your antivirus on regular basis and use only reputed antivirus
Choose strong passwords for all your online accounts. The passwords should be long and should contain at least two special characters besides alphabets, numbers. Do not include information like your birth date, favorite actor, pet’s name etc. in your passwords as these can be guessed easily by someone who knows you.
Keep your Operating System updated for Security Patches
Try not to access your personal online accounts at a cyber cafe or a shared computer. If the need arises that you have no other option to login into your account through a cyber cafe then you must take some precautionary measures. Make sure that you uncheck any of the checkboxes saying 'Remember me on this computer'. Also after your work is done clear all the history and cookies of the browser you have used to login.
Do not share too much on your social networking profiles because this information can make you vulnerable to malicious attacks as this reveal a lot about your internet habits and movements.
Before entering your credentials and other information on a site remember to check that the site is Secure and has SSL( Secure socket layer ) /https security.
The site is secure if it has an ‘s’ after ‘http’. i.e. ‘https’ is secure but http is not. Also you’ll see a padlock icon on your browser’s frame for secure sites.
Avoid sign ups
Avoid those sites that are requesting a lot of personal information before sign up. Protecting personal information is one the most important aspect of cybersecurity hence it is highly recommended to avoid sites that ask for a loads of information in sign up form. Another good way to deal with these site is to use services like www.bugmenot.com for filling forms on such sites.